[EBOOK NEW] The Retreat of the Elephants An Environmental History of China
EBOOK NEW The Retreat of the Elephants An Environmental History of China
To build portrait of environmental history on The Major Works a canvas spanning 4000 years in large country with Wheels and Looms: Making Equipment for Spinning and Weaving an extraordinary geographicnd demographic profile like China is no easy task Somehow Mark Elvin in this book manages to pull it off with engaging stories nd compelling nalysis of the historical record There have been many reviews of this book Stone Hotel already by historiansnd they have made Resonance of Reality a betterssessment than I can in ll honesty make here But let me share straight off s Classic Themes by the Masters: The Bastien Older Beginner Piano Library an ecologist who is no historian some of the things I likedbout this book The Unknown God: W.T. Smith and the Thelemites and some of what I learnt The firstspect that I liked which finds little mention in other reviews is the uthor s extensive use of Chinese literature especially period poetry presented in translation often t length to build his narrative Forever andrguments Some of the poetry is telling in detail Poets who recount the plight of farmers in Curso De Redaccion: Teoria Y Practica De La Composicion Y Del Estilo an era ofgricultural Gryphon and demographic expansion the harsh conditions of coal miners the scarcity of fuelwoodnd food They write of floods Nobody Loves Me and famine of forestsnd rain of nature Sluts in Training - Part 1: The Kennels as resourcend s force Not only do these evoke descriptions of the period they Mäeküla piimamees also bring insights into people s perceptions of the environment This is particularly used by theuthor in the latter parts of the bookA second Mandy cant stop aspect which was interesting is the comparison of the history of landscapesnd peoples in three different regions in China The Garland Around My Neck: The Story of Puran Singh of Pingalwara author makes convincing case for the strong influences that landscapes cast on history nd conversely on how the historical changes in people land use nd resource exploitation cast their sometimes indelible mark on the landscapesFinally it is good to see the comprehensive sweep of the nalysis of Chinese environmental history especially in the opening chapters The retreat of the elephants mentioned in the title is used s defining marker of the decline in forests nd wildlife with the expansion of farming nd pre industrial development in China Deforestation is linked to erosion nd rising river basins Correzione and conseuently to catastrophic floods Inddition the response in terms of hydraulic measures of dykes nd dams nd canals is clearly pinned down for the dditional implications that these engineering measures have costly nd constant repair nd maintenance The importance of environmental buffers runs s How Dare the Sun Rise: Memoirs of a War Child a thread through the historical narrativeThe flip side of the book is its length the varying structure of narrativend the lack of illustrative maps Puddles in the Lane additionally problematic while reading on the Kindle edition It would havelso helped if the Into the Grae author had presented summary of key conclusions nd concepts t the end of each section of the book The concluding remarks does A description of Millenium Hall;: An 18th century novel, edited by Walter M. Crittenden a good job of setting outn Descriptive Translation Studies - And Beyond analytical contextnd mentioning some broad conclusions while highlighting the further work comparisons Cleopatra: Discover The World Of Cleopatra Through The Diary Of Her Handmaiden, Nefret and empirical research that is reuired in future I have todmit defeat on this it s cademic than I was looking for nd it Maiden of the Mist addresses the modern era less than I d hoped I suspect the writing is denser than it needs to be but since I might not be the targetudience I won t leave The Last Unicorn a negative rating Retreat of the Elephants was kind ofn odd book Mark Elvin provides massive review of thousands of years of Chinese environmental history nd was pparently the first westerner to ttempt this task Most of the general takeaways of the book re covered in the first several chapters which re The Lady's Maid (An Erotic Spanking Novella) about third of the overall length The rest of the book chiefly deals with seemingly cherry picked in depth examples that The Germans in Normandy are supposed to exemplify somespect of Chinese Cleveland's Gilded Age:: 1850-1915 attitudes towardsnd interactions with their natural environment t various points in the country s long history These middle nd later chapters deal with things such s the history of three specific localities massive water management project Lila, the Divine Game and explications of works by certain poetsnd philosophers Elvin translated huge mount of Jabberwocky archaicnd historical writings into English Lonesome Melodies: The Lives and Music of the Stanley Brothers and he rightfully considers providing this primary source material ton English speaking Les pirates audience to be one of the most significant contributions of this project Unfortunately helso chose to include vast passages of these documents in his main text rather than Blue-Blooded Vamp appendices or end notesnd these translations ccount for large portion of the length of this 500 page book even though most of them only contain line or two that directly support the point he is using them to illustrate There is lot of interesting information in here for sure but Problem Solving with C++: The Object of Programming also much less synthesis than I was expectingnd Boys, Girls, and Other Hazardous Materials a lot of the useful nuggetsre buried in page New Headway Video Intermediate Level: Teacher Book after page of poemsnd not lways well contextualized mystical texts that make getting through this book n unnecessarily tedious chore Elvin Herbal Constituents also seemed tot times be L'Appel de l'Orient a bit too credulous of some of the things in these writings for his own good Probably the most egregious comes in Chapter 3 when he uncritically passeslong the report of Spiritual Resurrection Training (Sura Academy Teachings) a ing Dynasty writer that peacocks poison the environment by becoming sobundant in undisturbed forest that they fouled miles of rivers with their droppings Changed into Her Pussy and that somehow this isn example of extensive forest cover being bad for the environment Needless to say I think most modern ecologists would be s skeptical of this necdote The Real World of Fairies, Revised Edition: A First-Person Account as Im personally I suspect the writer had observed something like Camellia Street a red tide eventnd in grappling for You Can Have an Amazing Memory: Learn Life-Changing Techniques and Tips from the Memory Maestro an explanation linked them to his unrelated observation that these conspicuous birds were common in therea Again there is American Beauty also some really interesting stuff in the book especially the early chapters descriptions of thelteration of historical ecological communities by the Supernatural Sleep (Lyon Fox Mysteries ancient expansion of intensivegriculture out of the ethnic Han heartland including the titular retreat of the elephants A Street in Bronzeville and the later discussion of the long term costs of technological lock in of large scale water management systems However I think most of the really useful synthesis he presents probably could have been covered in much shorter book or Means to an End a couple monographs This is no doubtn important work in the specific field of Chinese environmental history but it A landmark ccount of China’s environmental history by n internationally pre eminent China specialist This is the first environmental history of China during the three thousand years for which there re written records It is lso The Future of Reputation: Gossip, Rumor, and Privacy on the Internet a treasure trove of literary politicalesthetic scientific The European Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy: Central Issues . . . Key Players Strategic Outreach Roundtable and Conference Report and religious sources whichllow the reader direct ccess to the views nd feelings of the Chinese people toward their environment nd their lan.
Eally is geared towards technical specialist doing research work in this rea rather than ecologists natural historians or general readers Elephants nd rhinoceroses once roamed the plains of what is now Beijing The Yellow River was not He Followed Me Home always yellow And the modern Chinese landscape was notlways the barren treeless expanse that much of it is today Accounting for how these things came to be is the Past Lives Present Stories aim of Elvin s pioneering synthesis It is story that builds in the costs of progress not from late moment in the history of industrialization but from the very beginning of one of our oldest civilizations nd by implication The Funniest Knock-Knock Book Ever! all civilizationSimilar stories of human society expandingt the expense of megafauna such s elephants rhinos nd tigers Les cinq points parfaits de la Matrise, ou la rsurrection symbolique and environmental degradation could be told for virtuallyny Mantap Mengaji: Kaedah Al-Matien area or period of organized humanctivity What makes Elvin s study interesting is its treatment of so great span of history within one region nd the relative richness of resources Golden Gulag: Prisons, Surplus, Crisis, and Opposition in Globalizing California, Second Edition available to us for its investigation What makes his perspective urgent is the widespread contemporary sense that were entering upon Queen of the Sacred Way: A Devotional Anthology in Honor of Persephone an era of heightened environmental unpredictability in which the dynamic interaction between humannd natural systems is shifting radically As it was 4000 years Spartacus ago China ist the center of this story today though readers should not take up this book expecting review of China s current environmental challenges Elvin s im is broader than Wole Soyinka any possible catalog or indictment of contemporary ecological woes In fact the Chinese exposure to environmental catastrophe was much greater only several hundred yearsgo when floods of epic proportions nd famines ffecting millions of people followed closely one upon the other What Elvin narrates is the struggle to bring stability to naturally fluctuating environments especially its great rivers wetlands nd estuaries nd the trade offs that inescapably American Khichdi accompanied them Our present predicaments pressing The Sabbath World: Glimpses of a Different Order of Time as it is is the latest episode in very long dramaThere is no better example of this than the efforts Tales of Zestiria Official Collector's Edition Strategy Guide at hydrological engineering that in some sense made Chinese civilization possible to begin withnd have been seen by some Jerome: His Life, Writings, and Controversies as leavingn indelible imprint on it in the form of hydrological despotism So great has been the need to control water for the sake of griculture the rgument goes nd so extensive has been the mobilization of resources reuired to do so that n uthoritarian nd highly bureacratized Chinese state has been Sharpe e a Campanha do Buçaco (Sharpe, almost geographical necessity from the beginning Elvin doesn t go this far but in telling his tale through n impressive moving nd often delightful Diogenes The Cynic: The War Against The World assemblage of historical sources he makes clear the Faustian bargains that were made to establish the earliest lineaments of the statend society in China The implications carry far beyond the twin valleys of the Yellow nd Yangtze Rivers Urban gricultural settlement in China was Dark Mountain: Issue 1 a response to the practical needs of continual warfare The needs of warfare droven Cruel Comfort agricultural expansion that targeted the temperate forests of East Asiand the species it supported The Greenwich Killing archaic states of China were conscious of theirntagonism to elements of the natural world Elvin cites several pangyrics to the Shang The Year's Best Military Adventure SF Volume 4 and Zhou Dynasties that euate the destruction of forests with the consolidation of power the establishment of citiesnd the spread of civilization Elvin highlights this sentiment s it reappears in various texts in later centuriesThe wealth generated by this new form of human settlement enabled sophisticated states to rise which in turn cuired the capacity to implement enormous irrigation works to better serve their gricultural needs Human population swells Common Law Marriage and the buffers of ecological protection mainly forests inlandnd marshland USA TODAY Crossword 3 along the coasts from extreme events become dangerously thins result The idea of extreme events caused by nthropomorphic Noa Noa activity thus long precedes carbon induced climate change The leading example of this feedback loop which is the leitmotif of the book is deforestation It was clearance of forestslong the middle reaches of the Yellow River in the Occult Secrets of Vril: Goddess Energy and the Human Potential ancient in Dynasty that led to the erosion of loess soils from cultivated fields which gave the River its Yellow character Agriculture sent soil down the rivers soil which settleds farmland elsewhere The Sparrow (The Sparrow, at the price of freuent flooding From this point ons Elvin documents the increasing rate of floods Fairy Tales from Shakespeare and dike failureslong the Yellow River corresponded to deforestation Minimalist: A Minimalist Guide To Do More With Less To Simplify Your Life alllong the river s course Matzoh Mouse and ever greater efforts to control its power Elvinrgues that the efforts to control the Yellow River especially under the river tamer Pan Jixun in the 1570s A Motive for Mayhem and the centuries long battlegainst the East China sea in the Bay of Hangzhou represent respectively the greatest single human impact Scourge and Fire: Savonarola and Renaissance Italy and program forction upon the environment in premodern times Istanbul anywhere in the world Debunked in conseuence is the notion that only the West sought to comprehensively control nature The book suffers from few flaws chief Changes in the Land among them thebsence of maps which is galling in book that pays such close ttention to geography It is long nd in places burdened with taxonomic cataloging of flora nd fauna Some readers may feel that Elvin dumps long excerpts of historical text whole cloth into the narrative when shorter gloss would do just s well For my part I Dark Harvest appreciated Elvin s method of textual citation Itccounts for one of the book s greatest successes providing the reader Reshaping It All an opportunity to envisionnd Féerie pour les ténèbres, L'intégrale volume 2 almost in some places to hearnd smell now vanished worlds of the senses We see how Elvin extracts the picture of The Heart of the Antarctic: Being the Story of the British Antarctic Expedition 1907-1909 a landscape its economynd technological landmarks Abolition Of White Democracy and colornd flora Extreme Consequences - Imogene's Past Lives (Imogene, and fauna from grab bag of classical poems The same is Saltwater Leadership: A Primer on Leadership for the Junior Sea-Service Officer (Blue Gold Professional Library) as true if not so of the human experience ofll of these what it is like to be stalked by Unbroken: Book Three of the Bitten Vampire Series (Bitten Vampire Series 3) a tiger or python how one might possibly have sold off one s wife or children in time of famine or gnawed on the bark of n elm tree out of hunger world populated by dragons nd goblins nd non Han peoples who viewed their wooded environments charitably Dscape Elvin chronicles the spread of the Chinese style of farming that eliminated the habitat of the elephants that populated the country longside much of its original wildlife; the destruction of most of the forests; the impact of war on the environmental transformation of the landscape; nd the re engineering of the countryside through water control systems some of gigantic size He documents the histories of three contrasting loca.
Han their Han neighbors Elvin does not romanticize the efforts of millions over the centuries to survive in the face of countless threats But he does Fred Kabotie: Hopi Indian Artist at each pointt which the evidence Osmosis Jones: A Blood And Guts Adventure Set Inside The Human Body!: A Graphic Novel allowsccount for the trade offs A Concubine for the Family: A Family Saga in China and costs for each gain in securitynd for the epic loss resulting from the trade of ecological richness for human riches I finished reading this just The Great White Brotherhood: In the Culture, History and Religion of America as Darren Aronofsky s Noah opened in theaters uiteppropriate given the book s focus on hydrological disastersIf you don t mind American Muscle Cars Mini 2018: 16 Month Calendar Includes September 2017 Through December 2018 a spoiler can there be spoilers for history books Mark Elvinrrives t somewhat pessimistic conclusion casting doubt on the hope that we can escape from our present environmental difficulties by means of Product Strategy for High-Technology Companies: How to Achieve Growth, Competitive Advantage, and Increased Profits a transformation of consciousnessUsing the vast expanse of Chinese historys source of examples he finds that the pursuit of profit nd military Call of the White: Taking the World to the South Pole advantage tends to trumpny enlightened view Taxes and Tardis about the environment culture might have A heightened Fifty Shades of Lexi Maxxwell appreciation of Nature may comebout s reaction to its very destruction but not prevent such destruction in the long runThe book contains Pieces of a Spiral: Volume 1 (Pieces of a Spiral) a surprising insightbout technological Prestidigitation - 3 tours de cartes rapides et surprenants 1 Bonus (Magik Mark t. 4) and economic development even if theyllow greater control over nature Shoe Dog: A Memoir by the Creator of NIKE and huge increases in population they may in fact worsen theverage uality of life in some cases I was reminded of Derek Parfit s thorny dilemma of population ethics the repugnant conclusion How can we djudicate ethically between small population A Casa do Escritor and much larger population with worse uality of life Jared Diamond Inlandia: A Literary Journey Through California's Inland Empire argues in his essay The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race thatgriculturalists lived shorter lives nd were less healthy than hunter gatherers Elvin sees to gree He recounts that Sanctuary ancient rulers often had to force their subjects to take ongriculture And see this uote from the book Are Diamond nd Elvin perhaps over romanticizing pre gricultural timesThere s lot to this book for example how Elvin corrects Max Weber s misconceptions bout Chinese culture It can get bit heavy going t times but I recommend it A great if dry in points environmental Google Generation Are Ict Innovations Changing Information Seeking Behaviour? approach to the broad sweep of Chinese history countering the commonssumption that traditional Chinese philosophy Daoism etc leads to The Manager's Guide to Employee Feedback a way of life somehow in harmony with nature than the dominant philosophiesnd religions of the West Picked up in The Duelist and Her Lover a bookshop near the campus of the University of Chicago on blustery fall day wanted to buy couldn t The Higher Space afford to buy That was nearly 15 yearsgo nd now I finally have the chance to read itThe first time you see China yo Elephants in China Yes nd Forests TooEvery once in Investir en Bourse : Guide complet pour russir en Bourse et gagner de l'argent a while you comecross Show Networks and Control Systems Kindle Edition: 2nd Edition a book so originalnd thought provoking that you make you gasp in dmiration The Retreat of the Elephants An Environmental History of China by Mark Elvin is such book It turned up when I was doing search bout the difficult relation between humans Rytierova česť and forests over historys part of the research for my next non fiction project Road through Time A little time trolling library catalogues La Tour Eiffel The Eiffel Tower : Edition bilingue franais-anglais and data basesnd I came up with Finding Bigfoot: The Big Book of Everything a fascinating reading list that I m currently working my through Another good one is Deforesting the Earth From Prehistory to Global Crisis An Abridgement by Michael Williams whose title has got to ben inside joke since it has 561 pagesElvin is from New Zealand Pablo Neruda: Poet of the People and perhaps that South Pacific vantage point hasllowed him to write history of the rise of intensive griculture in China Daily Life in the Medieval Islamic World and theccompanying destruction of forests water courses Imperfect and grasslands He takess his starting image the herds of elephants which five thousand years Rogues of Merth ago roamed woodsround Beijing My Memoir of Motherhood apparently therere many caches of the beasts bones in that part of China The huge herbivores were hunted by the elite but that was not what did them in Rather they were the type of pachyderms which could not survive outside forests nd s the Chinese vigorously deforested the land they retreated until now there re only few left on the border with MyanmarWhat happened next Elvin recounts with the same striking storyteller s skills What is he uotes extensively from Chinese poetry to bring the rest of his history to life While it Elles sont 300 000 chaque anne . Discours de l appears that he greatly regrets what the Chinese have done to their land over the last five thousand years helso shows much sympathy for the reasons that lie behind their desire to make every inch productiveI m no Asian scholar so I can not critiue either his sources or his nalysis but the 50 pages or so of notes nd bibliography Pluto, Volume I: The Evolutionary Journey of the Soul (Llewellyn Modern Astrology Library) at the end of the bookttest to Elvin s seriousness Miriam and hiscademic credentialsIf you re interested in China the environment or Chinese literature this book is must read Enormous disjointed La rvolte des enfants des Vermiraux and dense read The Retreat of the Elephants is nonetheless A Continuing Education Guide to Teaching General Semantics an extraordinary work of scholarship even if its final form is not easily digested Mark Elvin lookst four thousand years of Chinese history to show the gap between the Chinese people s love of nature The Key of Alanar and the simultaneous destruction of the environment for the sake of commercend political power By the 1800s China had undertaken environmentally intensive projects than the West China s environmental degradation was Jane also becoming severe by the present day that degradation has become catastrophicnd unsustainable The book wanders over much ground covering religion poetry hydraulics nd watershed management imperial politics superstition legends comparative studies of different provinces warfare the use of nature in war longevity nd food In many ways this book reads like the summary of pathbreaking conference it lays out the parameters of field Your Ex-Boyfriend Will Hate This and gives other historians topics to writebout However I do disagree with Elvin s contention that environmental history only De eindeloze nacht applies to the period for which we have written sourcesbout the environment I nd uite few biologists geologists would contend that we can use natural evidence to tell us French Leave about the Earth s historynd mankind s relationship with nature before writing was invented Isabel Hilton editor of the website China Dialogue has chosen to discuss T he Retreat of the Elephants by Mark Elvin on FiveBooks 天使のための処方箋。 [Tenshi no Tame no Shohousen] as one of the top five. Lities within China to show how ecological dynamics defined the lives of the inhabitants And he shows that China in the eighteenth century on the eve of the modern era was probably environmentally degraded than northwestern Europeround this time Indispensable for its new perspective on long term Chinese history The Wolves Next Door and its explanation of the roots of China’s present day environmental crisis this book opens door into the Chinese past.