(EBOOK / PDF) Reskilling America
(EBOOK / PDF) Reskilling America
Sible book is devoted to a look at various vocational programs that have managed to survive in the inhospitable American educational climate The authors introduce readers to a number of vocationally oriented high schools community colleges and technical colleges offering a window into the opportunities they provide for students and the challenges they face in fundraising and coping with the demands of a one size fits all standardized test regime The book then moves on to Germany where the authors provide an overview of the dual system of vocational schools and apprenticeships that have helped Germany maintain its prominence as a center of manufacturing Although the German system is not perfect the authors acknowledge some issues with parochialism it s abundantly clear that Germany has found a way to provide secure middle class obs in sectors that Americans have basically written off To the uninitiated American the idea of a fully unionized employer succeeding in a global market while undertaking the time and expense to train young workers sounds like a fantasy But this is merely par for the course in Germany where the only real threat to the system seems to be a rising cultural bias against blue collar obs and a diminishing pipeline of young apprenticesFinally the authors return to the United States and explore the various state and local programs that are trying to provide better vocational training and apprenticeship programs In many cases these initiatives are either spearheaded or inspired by German employers that have set up operations in the United States While these initiatives are a bit of a patchwork and limited by the American cultural biases discussed above the authors find green shoots of innovation in such unlikely places as rural South Carolina This book isn t a partisan screed or a promise for a silver bullet in education policy ust a sharply observed and thoughtfully argued case for reassessing our national educational priorities and creating new policies that can give underserved students an opportunity to make it into the middle class There s a clear angle here but I appreciated the background history of vocational training in the US labor force and the anecdotes provide some hope for a world weary millennial who feels America s good days are behind herSome good policy recommendations along with a bit of good news domestic manufacturing is on the rise again everyone should pick up a trade to fall back on restore funding for vocational training programs especially through community colleges also many blue collar workers can be better off than college graduates given rising tuition and student loan burdens I listened to the audio book versionThis should be a must read for anyone looking to improve the employment opportunities for young peop America needs to increase and systemize vocational training say authors Katherine S Newman and Hella Winston They address a general adult audience but this book would appeal to mostly to people involved in the triangle of players the authors speak of government officials over education industry leaders including unions and educators in high school and college vocationaltechnical schools and community college and perhaps parentsAs a homeschooling parent of. Where youth unemployment is a mere 7% they call for a radical reevaluation of the idea of vocational training long discredited as an instrument of tracking The United States can prepare a new high performance labor force if we revamp our school system to value industry apprenticeship and rigorous technical education By doing so we will not only be able to meet the growing demand for skilled employees in dozens of sectors where employers decry the absence of well trained workers we will make the American Dream accessible to
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S behind the curtain as they present it everyone in skills based training is motivated excited about learning multiple students explicitly call out trigonometry of all things as delightfully useful and clearly on track to earn a livable wage They occasionally present statistics about how 90% or so people from a particular vocational school are being successful but we never hear further about the ones who fail out and it seems particularly notable that so many people aren t succeeding when some of these schools are space constrained to only admit small percentages of their applicants The authors seem to think the solution is to throw money at the system until it works even though that s basically what happened with the academiccollege track the authors think is overrated It s also strange how disconnected the individual students and schools they discuss are from the big state level policies they celebrate Wisconsin apparently has a fabulous program that does things right than most other states do but the authors still talk about people from New York Another main strand in the book is to argue against fears that tracking students onto a college based or vocational path is racially discriminatory and represents giving up on the poor and disadvantaged The authors are deeply concerned with being accused by left wingers of doing this and spend a lot of time insisting rather defensively given that their case seems pretty reasonable that being tracked into a successful second class system would mark an improvement over the current failing college preparation system that most students are stuck with A couple of the book s chapters focus on Germany and German students as something of a model for what America should do with Eros Unbound (Great Loves, just enough mention of the persistent ethnic segregation of the system to be deeply unnerving those of Turkish descent constantly getting tracked away from the academic path and also being discriminated against in apprenticeships by small and medium sized firms Other figures about intergenerational mobility would be reassuring but the authors apparently don t want to dwell on the unpleasantness It s also worth mentioning that aside from Germany the only international material is a couple of brief mentions that in Japan vocational teachersobs explicitly mandate that they work with local firms and industries It appears that one of the authors colleagues happened to mention that to her and that was as much as they felt the need to investigate the rest of the world In this timely look at a very important topic Katherine Newman and Hella Winston challenge prevailing views about the form and value of vocational education in the United States Whereas vocational education has become the red headed stepchild of American education policy the authors argue that the mantra of college for all has failed to deliver real benefits to many students while facilitating a lack of workers for middle skill professions like manufacturing welding HVAC and plumbing The authors trace this bias to American concerns about pigeonholing students at an early age and a broader lack of respect for the blue collar professions even as those professions reuire greater familiarity with advanced technologyA good portion of this slim acces. Decades long series of idealistic educational policies with the expressed goal of getting every student to go to college has left a generation of potential workers out of the system Touted as a progressive egalitarian institution providing opportunity even to those with the greatest need the American secondary school system has in fact deepened existing ineualitiesWe can do better argue acclaimed sociologists Katherine Newman and Hella Winston Taking a page from the successful experience of countries like Germany and Austria.
Just read the NYT magazine devoted to the middle class and now read this The magazine was of an analysis of what s happened to the American middle class since the 50s and this book proposes an interesting solution The author does a good Ma mre m'a tu - Survivre au gnocide des Tutsis au Rwanda job making an easy insightful read about a necessary if not coming resurgence in vocational aka career and technical education CTE The authors arguments are1 It worked in the USA before Pre WWI to post WWI and had a nadir in the 80s but is due for a resurgence because2 American is better positioned now to retain and build middle skillobs from welders to nurses to green engineers etc3 Germany provides a working model showcasing a partnership between educational institutions government and industry4 Such middle skill obs are middle class guarantorsand5 The cost of necessary education as proven in NYC schools and elsewhere is a much smaller burden on the student and society proportional to the positive impactI received the book for free through Goodreads First Reads This is a Goodreads win review This book is about how the off shoring and downsizing has left our workers obsolete and that we are on the verge of an industrial renaissance However we do not have the workers that can do technically demanding obs Even with a college degree poeple have a problem finding work We need to have vocational trianing to get people working Spending a good 20 pages or so bashing the very people and groups you recommend could push your agenda in the last ten pages probably is not a great way to get what you d like doneThis would be one hell of an argument if the pet peeves portions had been cut out by a decent editor More and schools are heading back to traditional methods of post secondary choices Our schools should support trade schools to enhance our labor workforce Some kids are not meant to be a college bound studentbut trade school or armed services are a better choice A typical American school day finds 6 million high school kids struggling with algebra All too many students are expected to fail Why are we subjecting our kids to this Our students are led through a one size fits all program when in reality an 8th grade math education suffices most fields after high school According to Hacker 1 in 4 of the nations high school freshmen fail to finish high school citing algebra as the culpritHacker New York Times 2012 Lots of people agree that the United States educational system is broken what the problem is and how to fix it remains disputed These authors try to make the case that the way forward is an increased focus on vocational education apprenticeships technical training rather than the to their minds misguided mantra of college for all When college is ust a pointless debt trap for unprepared students and it does not provide skills that employers need why fixate on itThe conclusion may be viable but this book is a superficial take on the topic It strings together anecdote after anecdote of students who love their vocational training and are super successful at it bemoaning that the United States funds these approaches so poorly and ties them up in red tape college preparation reuirements and low social standing There s a nagging sensation throughout that they re not showing what. From Katherine Newman award winning author of No Shame in My Game and sociologist Hella Winston a sharp and irrefutable call to reenergize this nation's long neglected system of vocational trainingAfter decades of off shoring and downsizing that have left blue collar workers obsolete and stranded the United States is now on the verge of an industrial renaissance But we don't have a skilled enough labor pool to fill the positions that will be created which are in many cases technically demanding and reuire specialized skills
Katherine Newman is Professor of Sociology and James Knapp Dean of the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences at Johns Hopkins University Author of several books on middle class economic instability urban poverty and the sociology of ineuality she previously taught at the University of California Berkeley Columbia Harvard and Princeton