PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944)


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  1. says: Alexandra Richie Ë 8 Download Read Ò eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Alexandra Richie PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944)

    Review Warsaw 1944 Alexandra Richie Ë 8 Download PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) The Warsaw Uprising was a perfect storm The Home Army misjudged events and chose exactly the wrong time to rise up Soviet advances left the Germans short of regular troops so the task of putting down the uprising fell to Himmler and the SS including special ie sadistic bandit hunters And Stalin wanting Poland for himself

  2. says: Read Ò eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Alexandra Richie Alexandra Richie Ë 8 Download Review Warsaw 1944

    Alexandra Richie Ë 8 Download PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) The numbers beggar belief Of a prewar population of 13 million 150000 civilians and 18000 underground soldier killed and this is excluding 400000 Jews who were sent to their deaths from 1939 43 The remainder were forced from their homes into concentration camps and forced labour camps as Warsaw was demolished brick by b

  3. says: Review Warsaw 1944 Alexandra Richie Ë 8 Download Read Ò eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Alexandra Richie

    Review Warsaw 1944 PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) Warsaw 1944 has come to us from the archives inherited by the author diaries that have brought to life the full tragedy o

  4. says: Read Ò eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Alexandra Richie PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944)

    PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) Read Ò eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Alexandra Richie Review Warsaw 1944 An unsparing gut wrenching account of the Warsaw Uprising against the Germans not to be confused with the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943 when the Polish Home Army launched a heroic but ultimately disastrous attack on their Nazi occupiers as Stalin's Red Army closed in on the city in the summer of 1944 Poland suffered terribly at the hands of both the Germans and the Russians during the war and Richie describes the tragic events

  5. says: Review Warsaw 1944 PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) Read Ò eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Alexandra Richie

    PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) This book is not about the Warsaw ghetto uprising of 1943 but the 1944 uprising led by Polish fighters against the SS The author openl

  6. says: PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944)

    PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) Review Warsaw 1944 Alexandra Richie is a Warsawian via Oxford University She has taken on a tragic tale of a city’s unnecessary destruction and its nation’s unwilling demise Her love of Warsaw and of Poland shines through this disturbing history of the 1944 Uprising against the German occupation of Warsaw Poland has long been a hot potato between Germany and Russia Until its post WWI independence Poland had been sliced and diced by Russia Aust

  7. says: PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) Alexandra Richie Ë 8 Download

    PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) This is a story of one of the great but unknown tragedies of WW2 I visited Warsaw around 2005 and was told that this interesting city had been completely rebuilt after the war I could not understand the signific

  8. says: PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944)

    PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) A compelling graphic and terrifying account of Warsaw at the peak of her destruction by the Nazis in 1944 An insane Hitler and his eually mad minions let loose on the innocent citizens of Warsaw where murder rape looting and the total annihilation of the city was the rule of the day The insurgent underground Polish Army t

  9. says: Read Ò eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Alexandra Richie Alexandra Richie Ë 8 Download PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944)

    PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) Alexandra Richie Ë 8 Download Read Ò eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Alexandra Richie An excellent description of Warsaw Uprising Apart from a thorough background on its occurrence it provides a chronology of events which helped me to understand how the focus of the German attacks moved from one suburb to the next The cynicism of Russian troops stationing just few kilometres away and their refusal to allow the Allied planes to land on the eastern site of Vistula makes them co responsible for th

  10. says: Review Warsaw 1944 PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) Alexandra Richie Ë 8 Download

    Read Ò eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Alexandra Richie PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944) I really need to start reading cheerful books After reading so much other WWII and Holocaust fare I'm not uite sure how I made it through this further tome of hideous crimes of the Third Reich Perhaps it was due to the author's clear precise prose Some war histories can be dense works tending to academic audiences but this was refreshingly vibrant with the first person accounts of Hitler's utter destruction of a Europ

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Considered its eual Having said that the courage of the Polish fighters is tremendous and the suffering of the Warsaw civilians is staggering to read about Hitler had an especially outsized contempt for the Polish people and their capital Warsaw was the only European city which Hitler wanted razed to the ground with not a brick remaining To achieve this he turned Himmler and his SS loose on the city As if the original idea wasn t lunatic enough he id so A Curse of Kings during the waningays of the Third Reich when the manpower and material used to accomplish it were Garfield Dishes It Out (Garfield, desperately needed by German troops fighting elsewhere The uprising that opposed them lasted for 60 oddays but was ill timed and ill planned The leaders called for the city s citizens to stand with them even though they knew the western Allies were not going to come to their aid the Germans were not finished and the treacherous Soviets could not be counted on to provide help Citizens were told none of this They fought on regardlessMuch of the book calls for a very strong stomach as it Im a Narwhal details the fightingeath and atrocities as the SS and German army moved from point to point in the sprawling city Madame Timide destroying everything in their wake Theestruction of starving sick wounded people often gathered together in public to be executed on the spot occurs again and again Ultimately some 10455 buildings were Girl, Woman, Other destroyed including 923 historic buildings 25 churches and synagogues 14 libraries including the oldest in Polandating to 1747 plus 145 schools two universities and scores of monuments palaces and homes But Himmler and Hitler had only months to live and Warsaw has risen from its ashes to be a great city again The book is worth reading to know of Warsaw s suffering but the ultimate fate of all involved is important to keep in mind as you learn this tragic history An unsparing gut wrenching account of the Warsaw Uprising against the Germans not to be confused with the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943 when the Polish Home Army launched a heroic but ultimately A South African Night disastrous attack on their Nazi occupiers as Stalin s Red Army closed in on the city in the summer of 1944 Poland suffered terribly at the hands of both the Germans and the Russiansuring the war and Richie Bismillah Soup describes the tragic events and the horrific atrocities of the Warsaw Uprising in unflinchingetail By the time the Poles capitulated at the end of September over 150000 civilians and 18000 Polish combatants had lost their lives and Warsaw was reduced to 20 million cubic tons of ruble Sometimes large numbers such as these can have an almost numbing effect on us they appeal to our brain as opposed to our heart and it can be at least for me hard to grasp the true magnitude of the पिंजर destruction and the almost inconceivable barbarity of what actually happened beyond that of a comparative if somewhatispassionate analysis While Richie places the Uprising in the context of larger war explores the rationale of the Polish leadership in launching the uprising and examines Stalin s cynical manipulations and the Western Allies calculated indifference to her credit her primary focus is conveying the true horror of what happened on the ground over the course of those 63 terrible Venous Catheters days and its aftermath from primary source accounts The result is an exceptionally grim and often stomach turning read but highly recommended if you are interested in World War II or Polish history If interested in either of those topics I would also highly recommend Katyn Stalin s Massacre and the Triumph of Truth by Allen Paul which explores the Soviet Union s atrocities in Poland and how the Alliesealt with the Poland problem over the course of the war Warsaw 1944 has come to us from the archives inherited by the author The Marines E-Mail Order Bride (The Heroes of Chance Creek, diaries that have brought to life the full tragedy of both the Warsaw Uprising in 1944 but the very fate of the city The amount of research to bring this text to fruition is overwhelming and possible with the availability of both Russian and German archives many of whichid not become available until the Android Studio Application Development dissolution of the Soviet UnionIt is mostly a forgotten story a small footnote which all sides wanted forgotten and buried along with the hundreds of thousands of corpses that met theiremise in a slaughter of civilians un precidented in this war All of the allies Britain the United States and the Soviets can be held responsible for the abandonment of Poland but the total Å Skrive Jus til Eksamen destruction of Warsaw and the brutal slaughter of civilians men women and children can only be laid at the feet of Hiltler s anti Jewish ant Slavic ideology based on a hatred so strong that heiverted both manpower and material needed New Frontiers in Crustacean Biology desperately for theefense of Germany to relentlessly kill every Warsawrian possible and to turn the city into a wastelandSadly the few survivors got no final justice few of the actual perpetrators were held accountable in any meaningful way Few of those who survived the Nazi slaughter escaped the punishment of incarceration and killings made by Stalin s NKVD after the supposed liberation of WarsawIt was not a fast read even though it was written in a way that made the battles and actions present The sheer weight of the horror of what occurred and the actions of the SS Dirlewanger Brigade and the Kiminsky brigade made me set the book own many a night just to be able to absorb the sheer barbarity of the slaughter and estructionI was amazed at the psychology of those who interfaced with the survivors of each section of the city as it fell to the The Firebirds Tale destruction planned for all The people of Old Town refused to believe what the survivors of Wola told them until they experienced it first hand and as the few escapees from both Wola and Old Town made it to the next section of Warsaw their stories were met with incredulityno one could believe that the Germans who they suffered under for five years couldescend into such abject bestiality How hard it must be to conceive the inconceivablemy uncles in law turned back at the Pyrenees in their flight from the Nazis as they couldn t face what they believed were the barbarians of Spain and Portugal as the Nazis shared their high culture and could not possibly be what they would prove themselves to beThis is a must read for anyone who wants to understand the full scope of the effect of this war and its impact on the countries that were occupied and how war One Night of Passion (Danvers, driven by sheer ideology isevastating than wars of mere conuest of territory The numbers beggar belief Of a prewar population of 13 million 150000 civilians and 18000 underground soldier killed and this is excluding 400000 Jews who were sent to their Little Bitty Lies deaths from 1939 43 The remainder were forced from their homes into concentration camps and forced labour camps as Warsaw wasemolished brick by brick on Hitler s orders leaving a few thousand hiding amongst the ruins awaiting the SovietsAlexandra Ritchie weaves together the gripping and horrific story of one of the greatest tragedies of World War 2 and the opening shots of the Cold War that resulted in the almost complete Do Penguins Have Knees? destruction of one of Europe s great cities The Warsaw Uprising was also the site of largest single battlefield massacre of World War 2 and theetails of this massacre and the treatment of the civilian population are most harrowingHowever please The Outcast do persevere with this book as it is an excellent record of the Uprising coming up to its 70th anniversary as well as theuplicity of Stalin and the politics of necessity The Warsaw Uprising was a perfect storm The Home Army misjudged events and chose exactly the wrong time to rise up Soviet advances left the Germans short of regular troops so the task of putting Katerina down the uprising fell to Himmler and the SS including special ie sadistic bandit hunters And Stalin wanting Poland for himself stood by and watched as the Home Army broke itself against the SS The result especially for innocent civilians was horrific The book however is very good It s well researched and very well written full ofetails and eyewitness accounts a handful of maps and has just enough info about the wider war to put things into context although I preferred the The Sisters Brothers descriptions of the action within Warsaw to events outside of it It s also uite graphic in places andoesn t pull any punches and conseuently can be uite a Vapor Trail (Phil Broker, disturbingemotional readI wonder though if the author s evident love of Warsaw has led to some bias surely unnecessary whenescribing atrocities as horrifying as these For example in her Endgame (Jani Kilian Chronicles, descriptions of a harmonious multicultural Warsaw she seems to have overlooked or forgotten the attitude of many Poles to the earlier Jewish Warsaw Ghetto uprising which at best could beescribed as indifferenceStill a very good book though. Army was left to face the full fury of Hitler Himmler and the SS The crackdown that followed was among the most brutal episodes of history’s most brutal war and the celebrated historian Alexandra Richie epicts this tragedy in riveting etail Using a rich trove of primary sources Richie relates the terrible experiences of individuals who fought in the uprising and perished in it Her clear eyed narrative reveals the fraught choices and complex legacy of some of World War II’s most unsung heroes.

Review Warsaw 1944

PDF/EBOOK (Warsaw 1944)

I really need to start reading cheerful books After reading so much other WWII and Holocaust fare I m not uite sure how I made it through this further tome of hideous crimes of the Third Reich Perhaps it was Digger the Dinosaur due to the author s clear precise prose Some war histories can beense works tending to academic audiences but this was refreshingly vibrant with the first person accounts of Hitler s utter Another mans poison destruction of a European capital as the war wasrawing towards its end and the Home Army and many citizens of Warsaw took up arms against their occupiers with tragic bad timing Richie s book is well researched and thought out although the sheer number of names along with the sad horrifying Die Sommer der Porters descriptions of the events against non combatants made it challenging at times I have never been very knowledgeable on the Soviet campaign to push the Axis forces back out of Russia and Poland but I feel this has made at least a slightent in my ignorance The names of Dirlewanger Van Mercury Retrograde (Dark Alchemy, dem Bach and Rheinefarth will haunt my mind for awhileAnother sad thing to mention here is the tragic way the Allies abandoned Poland to her fate Perhaps Churchill tried to support the country for which they actually entered into the war from time to time but Roosevelt made several errors in judgement of Soviet intentions leaving Poland in the lurch Richie makes it hard to excuse the privilege of our modern hindsight I look forward to reading her book on the history of Berlin Faust s Metropolis An excellentescription of Warsaw Uprising Apart from a thorough background on its occurrence it provides a chronology of events which helped me to understand how the focus of the German attacks moved from one suburb to the next The cynicism of Russian troops stationing just few kilometres away and their refusal to allow the Allied planes to land on the eastern site of Vistula makes them co responsible for the The Cattle Baron death of many innocent people The hostility of Russians to AK fighters their arrest and treatment as enemy combined with especially from Roosevelt site no objections from the Allies only underlines their guilt in subjecting untold millions of Poles to inhuman treatment by their communist rulers for another 44 yearsMain Characters on the Polish SideGeneral Antoni Chrusciel Monter Commander of AK units in WarsawGeneral Bor Komorowski in charge of AK after Rowecki s arrestStefan Korbonski AK s Chief of Civil Resistance in WarsawJan Mazurkiewicz Radoslaw Leader of Kedyw group Survived the war and was persecuted by communist authorities till 1956 Died in 1988Colonel Kazimierz Iranek Osmecki the Chief of IntelligenceTadeusz Pelczynski AK Chief of StaffGeneral Stefan Rowecki Grot Tokarzewski seputy Put in charge of AK after tokarzewski Desire Me More (Desire Me, disappeared Arrested by Gestapo on 30 June 1943 Executed by order of Himmler on the firstay of uprisingJozef Rybicki in charge of KedywColonel Rzepecki the head of the Information and Propaganda BureauGeneral Michal Tokarzewski on 27th of September 1939 set up SZP Polish Victory Service He went to the Soviet zone of occupation and was arrested by NKVDColonel Karol Ziemski Wachnowski In charge of the Northern Group of AK Old Town Monter s A Teachers Guide to American Tapestry deputy Emigrated to England Died in1974Main Characters on the German SideErich vonem Bach Zelewski On 2 August 1944 took command of all German troops fighting AK In exchange for his testimony against his former superiors at the Nuremberg Trials Bach Zelewski never faced trial for any war crimes Died in 1972Oskar Dirlewanger pathological sadist linked to some of the worst crimes of the war Captured after war and apparently beaten to What Happens to Our Trash? death by the Polish guards while in captivityBronislav Kaminski Russian collaborationist and the commander of the SS Sturmbrigade RONA Perhaps 10000 residents of Warsaw were killed in the Ochota massacre most murdered by Kaminski s men Himmler used the misconduct of the Warsaw group as a pretext for having Kaminski and his leadership executed after trial by court martial They were tried for stealing the property of the Reich as the stolen property was to have beenelivered to Himmler but Kaminski and his men had attempted to keep it for themselvesGeneral Heinz Reinefarth Responsible for Wola massacre Acted as witness in Nuremburg trials Never faced any justice and The Pursuit of Mary Bennet died in 1978Chronology1 4 August The uprising started at 5PM on 1st of August By 5th of August AK had 16000 people under its command outnumbered the German garrison three to one and controlled over 125 km2 5 8 August Massacre in WolaFollowing on Hitler s order toestroy Warsaw and Himmler s to consider all as combatants and have them killed SS troops under General Heinz Reinefarth massed on the edge of Wola and started killing Poles Initially they were going from house to house ejected all living there lined them up and shot and set fire to the building Anyone trying to escape was shot As they found they made too little progress they started collecting people and moving them to a number of collection sites before shooting them there The cruellest were troops led by Dirlewanger and his Russian and Azari membersBetween 5th and 6th of August they killed about 40000 civilians in Wola Fight in Wola continued till 11th of August Soon after SS set up set up special brigades made of Polish prisoners to burn all the Scandals and Secrets (Hearts Of Fire, dead bodies Once the job was completed they killed the prisoners to cover their tracks Miraculously some escaped to bear the witness5 11 August Massacre of OchotaAbout 1700 Russians under command of Kaminski moved into Ochota They committed numerous crimes killing raping and stealing from the local population They plundered the Radium Institute where a hospital was placed Survivors were moved to Zieleniak where Russians set up a concentration camp Numerous barbarities were committed thereVonem Bach arrived in Warsaw on 5th of August and issued an order to stop killing any non combatants He set up a German commission to look into behaviour of Kaminski men Kaminski was sent to Lodz and faced a military tribunal Was condemned to Shooting for a Century death and executed soon afterOn 6th of August Bach opened the Pruszkow transit camp Refugees were sent from there to concentration camps or as labourers to Germany11 18 August Attack on Old TownOn 11th of August SS moved into Old Town They encountered heavy resistance Nextay they attacked again with a combined force of 3000 Again without success Hitler I, Partridge decided to change the tactics and started bombing the Old Town both with airplanes and heavy artillery Lack of Russian involvement meant total command of sky for Germans The Old Town continued itsefence19 August 3 September Second attack on Old TownGermans assembled a force of 13400 men and attacked again on 19th of August Situation became unbearable On 25th of August Bor Komorowski was evacuated through sewers By 2nd of September AK fighters left the Old Town through sewers leaving injured and civilian population behind Mass executions rapes and pillage started soon after10 September 15 September Battle for PragaThe Russian 47th Army with the Polish 1st Infantry Division under General W Bewziuk and the 70th Army attacked the German 70th Grenadiers Regiment on 10th of September and reached the central part of Praga on 13th of September By 15th of September all of Praga was in Soviet hands Russians lost around 7000 men the Polish 1st Infantry Division lost 353 Shadow of the Templar dead and 109 missing The Germans lost around 8500 men On 13th of September all the huge bridges on the Vistula wereestroyed11 September 23 September The Fall of CzerniakowOn 11 September a massive barrage rained Unforgiven (Warriors for the Light down the AK soldiers and the hapless civilians The Germans with 507 men of Azeri battalions and 575 men of the Eastern Muslim Regiment had about 2500 men On 14th of September the Soviet planes appeared in the sky andropped supplies without using parachutes Most was Buried Sins (The Three Sisters Inn, destroyed On 16th of September 300 soldiers of the 3rd Infantry Division crossed the Vistula Another 900 troops crosseduring the Six Days in Leningrad day and 1200 the next nightOn 19th of September Berling s Army began o retreat back across the river The AK moved to Mokotow Those left in Czerniakow faced living hell The fight continued till 23rd of September The 1st Polish Army lost 4939 men in crossing of the Vistula with only 1500 actually reaching the western bank24 September 27 September Fall of MokotowOn 24th of September Germans attacked Mokotow This time Germans allowed the civil population to leaveuring 2 hours of ceasefire Over 9000 people were sent to Pruszkow camp Of the 3000 AK soldiers who fought in Mokotow only 600 managed to escape to safety The rest was shot when captured Mokotow fell on 27th of September28 September 30 September ZoliborzIn mid September the Germans began to bomb. The full untold story of how one of history’s bravest revolts ended in one of its greatest crimesIn 1943 the Nazis liuidated Warsaw’s Jewish ghetto A year later they threatened to complete the city’s The Darkness destruction byeporting its remaining residents A sophisticated and cosmopolitan community a thousand years old was facing its final Flyboy days and then opportunity struck As Soviet soldiers turned back the Nazi invasion of Russia and began pressing west the underground Polish Home Armyecided to act.

Zoliborz It was A Dark Sicilian Secret defended by Lieutenant Colonel Mieczyslaw Niedzielski Zywiciel and his 1500 troops By 29 September 19th Panzer Division under General Kallner moved into position They changed their tactics using tanks toestroy methodically all the houses on their way Niedzielski fighters surrounded on 30th of September They were treated as POWs and taken to Pruszkow campSeptember October The City CentreOver 250000 people were crowded into the city centre The AK fighters managed to win the so called Pasta building Polska Akcyjna Spolka Telefonow the central telephone exchange and took 115 prisoners Von Wolf Creek Homecoming (Wolf Creek dem Bach arranged a ceasefire on 7th and 8th of September to allow 60000 civilians to be taken to Pruszkow camp Bor named Lieutenant Colonel Zygmunt Dobrowolski Zyndram as his official representative and sent him to meet vonem Bach on 28th of September The second meeting took place on 29th of September The first agreement signed on 30th of September called for a ceasefire between 5 am and 7 pm on 1st and 2nd October On 4th of October Bor surrounded Between 3rd and 7th October over 150000 civilians walked to collection points By 15th of October the Germans took all they could from Warsaw and loaded 23300 train cars with booty including 1600 wagons of grain18 October Himmler s AnnouncementOn 25th of September Hitler created the Volkssturm under Himmler It covered all German men capable of bearing arms between the ages of 16 and 60 On 18th of October Himmler granted the Warsaw fighters the status of POW according to the Geneva Convention He has Black Beech and Honeydew: An Autobiography done it to get similar treatment for his VolkssturmOctober 1944 January 1945By January 1945 around 85% of all the buildings of Warsaw had beenestroyed By noon 17th of January the Soviets had taken Warsaw A compelling graphic and terrifying account of Warsaw at the peak of her At the Italians Command destruction by the Nazis in 1944 An insane Hitler and his eually mad minions let loose on the innocent citizens of Warsaw where murder rape looting and the total annihilation of the city was the rule of theay The insurgent underground Polish Army tries to fight this enemy but with little help from the Allies and none from the nearby Soviets her Oh Baby! days are tragically numbered This is a well researched text using the words of many eyewitnesses to tell the story from both sides of the fight Probably best for hard core history buffs of this segment of the war The Poles had to come back to a Warsaw that was literallyestroyed to Her Rancher Hero (Saddlers Prairie, dust and then suffer a further reoccupation of Stalin s oppression However the authoroes allow a little light in by recognizing that today s Warsaw is recovering uite nicely and the Polish spirit lives on This is a story of one of the great but unknown tragedies of WW2 I visited Warsaw around 2005 and was told that this interesting city had been completely rebuilt after the war I could not understand the significance of this explanation at that time but I The Maid of Lorne do now how Hitler in his hatred for the Polish people wasetermined to completely estroy the city in August 1944 This order was handed over to Himmler and psychopathic and criminal units of his SS and this is well escribed in How to Become a Virgin detail by the author using a great number of Polish and German sources with particular emphasis on showing the suffering of Warsaw s inhabitants Alexandra Richie is a Canadian historian who both graduated and taught at Oxford then married a Polish national and afterwards moved to Poland As a noted historian she writes with a style that is easy to read but authoritative covering covers all aspects of the story the Uprising the battle the finalestruction and the fate of the surviving citizens In Dangerous Disguise (Cavanaugh Justice, doing so she commemorates the complete story of the Uprising which was incorrectly understood at the time and afterwards uickly forgotten by the rest of the world Alexandra Richie is a Warsawian via Oxford University She has taken on a tragic tale of a city s unnecessaryestruction and its nation s unwilling The Bosss Baby Surprise demise Her love of Warsaw and of Poland shines through thisisturbing history of the 1944 Uprising against the German occupation of Warsaw Poland has long been a hot potato between Germany and Russia Until its post WWI independence Poland had been sliced and iced by Russia Austria Hungary and other European countries and immediately on its freormation the Bolsheviks had invaded The 1939 Russo German Non Aggression Pact opened the way to Germany s September 1 1939 invasion from the west and to Russia s invasion from the east splitting the country along the Molotov Ribbentrop Line Germany s invasion of Russia in 1941 claimed all of Poland for Germany Poland was and long had been the continent s wrestling mat Hitler wanted Poland as a land grab to implement lebesraum the isplacement of Polish farmers by Germans and the creation of blissful Teutonic hamlets He also anticipated a third world war with Germany and the West against Russia for which Poland would be useful territory Stalin s interest in Poland was geopolitical it would provide a Soviet buffer state a barrier for Germany it would return Poland to one of its many its rightful owners it would redress Lenin s bitter failure to occupy Poland in 1920 and it would extend Bolshevism closer to Europe perhaps Stalin s ultimate goalAfter Germany captured the Polish capital it organized the Jewish population in the Ghetto Realizing that they could Command Performance die fighting or justie a poorly organized and under resourced resistance initiated the 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising It was as most expected a catastrophic failure for the Ghetto ending with its viciously brutal Loveknot (Welcome to Tyler, destruction The Polish Home Army then rebuilt the Warsaw resistance and awaited a propitious time to throw the Germans out of Warsaw In May of 1944 Stalin began Operation Bagration a major offensive through Byelorussia headed toward Berlin Germany was completely surprised expecting the attack in the south through Ukraine the Russians had moved 17 million men with euipment weapons and materiel from the Ukraine with remarkable secrecy The Red Army rapidly reached the Vistula River near Warsaw where a German counter offensive temporarily stopped it Hearing sounds of war and believing that Russia was coming to liberate Warsaw the Polish Home Army initiated the Warsaw Uprising on August 1 1944 the revolt that lasted 63ays Ironically the Uprising began as Germans were fleeing the city in The Perfect Blend droves Had it not started Warsaw might have survived But the Uprising led Hitler on Himmler s advice to send new forces to Warsaw brutally razing it andecimating its population after Hitler ordered that Warsaw was to be obliteratedIn her prologue Richie states that the book s primary goal is to uncover the motives of the increasingly unstable Hitler and the increasingly powerful Himmler Why id Warsaw mean so much to them Why when German forces and production capacity were so stretched id they spend treasure troops and time Wanted (Sealed with a Kiss destroying a city with no strategic value I had expected emphasis on this Hitler s wish to eliminate all things Polish and his plan for Warsaw as a German signature city were cited but I found no insight into what led to this madness Nor could I find much insight into Himmler s motives other than to rubber stamp Hitler and increase his own power This bookoes not provide a psychology of madnessWhat it Rayuan Sang Bos [Seduced By the Boss] doeso as Bachelor to the Rescue (Home to Dover, do so many other books isetail the utter Secrets At Maple Syrup Farm devastation that WWII brought to eastern Europe in general and to Poland in particular Itoes this in great Whispers Of The Heart detail by focusing on one of the horrendous German actions This is very powerful material but while there might be novelty for historians in theetails its broad brush strokes are not new to any reader of the war in Europe The Nazi leadership WAS brutal and except for the Jewish solution indiscriminate murderers Poland WAS part of the bloodlands between Germany and Russia with a long history of subjection to foreign powers Stalin WAS a ruthless political animal intent on postwar control of Poland Roosevelt WAS a fool where it concerned Stalin The micro events of the Warsaw episode are stirring but the macro events surrounding it are well traveled territoryStill it is remarkable that after almost 75 years the second Great War in Europe generates such well researched and finely written The Dukes Gamble documents Richie s story of the city and people she loves is a very powerful and very painful read I say 4 stars with an extra star for style This book is not about the Warsaw ghetto uprising of 1943 but the 1944 uprising led by Polish fighters against the SS The author openly states that theesperate courage of the Jews fighting in the ghetto with improvised weaponry was a matchless Unmasking the Marquess (Hold Your Breath, demonstration of heroism and the second uprising is not to be. Taking advantage of Germanisarray and seeking to forestall the absorption of their country into the Soviet empire they chose to liberate the city of Warsaw for themselves      Warsaw 1944 tells the story of this brave and errant calculation For than sixty Let Go days the Polish fighters took over large parts of the city and held off the SS’s most brutal forces But in the end their efforts wereoomed Scorned by Stalin and unable to win significant support from the Western Allies the Polish Home.

Alexandra Richie is an historian specializing in Germany as well as Central and Eastern Europe and defense and security issues She is the author of Faust’s Metropolis A History of Berlin which was named one of top ten books of the year by American Publisher’s Weekly and Warsaw 1944 which won the Newsweek Teresa Torańska Prize for best non fiction book of 2014 and the Kazimierz Moczarski Prize f